We have a new statistics page which shows you details about the most popular Active Scan Rule Stats Last Month
This blog post explains what they mean, how we collect them, and why we are publishing them.
There are the 30 rules that raise the highest number of alerts each month based on our telemetry (see below for more details on that).
This is the name of the alert and a link to more details about it.
All Active Scan rules are part of an add-on, and add-ons have a status, one of Release, Beta, or Alpha.
The total number of alerts this rule raised last month based on our telemetry.
False Positive %
The percentage of alerts that were flagged as False Positives by Alert Filters.
This is a relatively good measure as the False Positive count for an alert is only incremented when an Alert Filter changes an alert’s risk level.
However we do not know if these are really false positives or if people are either mistaken or are using Alert Filters as a way to ignore alerts they are not interested in. We are also aware that many people will just ignore False Positives rather than configuring Alert Filters to recategorize them.
Despite the above caveats we believe this is a relatively good indication of how likely a rule is to raise a false positive.
If you are experiencing false positives in ZAP then you are encouraged to read the FAQ: How do I handle a False Positive?
Average Time in Secs
The average time in seconds that this active scan rule runs for. This can be very useful if you want to reduce the time a ZAP scan takes.
We only collect generic data that will not identify our users, the applications they scan or any details about the vulnerabilities reported.
While we make it easy for you to turn off telemetry collection, leaving it turned on will allow us to collect and publish data like this which we believe benefits both the ZAP community and the wider Infosec community.
We are not aware of any commercial security tools publishing data of this kind.
As an open source project, and the World’s Most Popular web scanner, we think it is important that we make this data available.
For ZAP users the statistics show which active scan rules are most likely to raise alerts, how long they take, and how likely they are to raise false positives.
ZAP contributors will be able to see which rules might need improving - to reduce the number of false positives and reduce the time taken to run.
They also allow us to see the effects of changes we make. For example, the Timestamp Disclosure rule (which is actually a Passive rule and therefore not on this list) used to have the highest number of reported false positives by a large margin. We implemented a set of fixes and it has now dropped considerably - a good indication that we are on the right track.
For the wider Infosec community it does show the relative frequency is for vulnerabilities that can be discovered by the World’s Most Popular web scanner. We will all be able to see how these statistics change over time.
Collecting these statistics can tell us things we do not know - for example I was surprised to learn that DOM XSS was the highest “injection” vulnerability reported by ZAP.
Be aware that these statistics are based on telemetry submitted to open services by an open source tool.
It would not be difficult for an “unethical researcher” to manipulate these statistics by submitting false data.
We believe these statistics are a valuable source of data, but no one should rely on them too heavily!